Document Detail

Slowly digested and absorbed carbohydrate in traditional bushfoods: a protective factor against diabetes?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3541565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to compare the digestibility and metabolic responses of western foods with traditional staples of two populations that show a susceptibility to diabetes, namely Australian Aborigines and Pacific islanders. Rate of starch digestion was studied in vitro in 37 foods (20 Australian Aboriginal bushfoods, 10 Pacific island foods, and 7 western foods), and rate of absorption of 9 foods (8 bushfoods and 1 western food) was studied in human volunteers. In vitro studies showed that 23 of 30 traditional foods were digested more slowly than 7 western foods. Six of 8 bushfoods produced significantly smaller areas under 3-h postprandial plasma glucose curves than potatoes in seven healthy Caucasian volunteers. There was a good correlation between starch digestibility and plasma glucose response. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that carbohydrate in traditional diets is slowly digested and absorbed and may once have been protective against diabetes.
A W Thorburn; J C Brand; A S Truswell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1987 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-02-05     Completed Date:  1987-02-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  98-106     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Breath Tests
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology,  metabolism*
Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism*
Hydrogen / metabolism
Insulin / blood
Intestinal Absorption*
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Pacific Islands
Starch / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 1333-74-0/Hydrogen; 9005-25-8/Starch

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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