Document Detail


Slowing of Electrical Activity in Ventricular Fibrillation is Not Associated with Increased Defibrillation Energies in the Isolated Rabbit Heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21519386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Prolonged out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation (VF) arrests are associated with reduced ECG dominant frequency (DF) and diminished defibrillation success. Partial reversal of ischemia increases ECG DF and improves defibrillation outcome. We have investigated the metabolic components of ischemia responsible for the decline in ECG DF and defibrillation success. Isolated Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts were loaded with the voltage-sensitive dye RH237. Using a photodiode array, epicardial membrane potentials were recorded at 252 sites (15 mm × 15 mm) on the anterior surface of the left and right ventricles. Simultaneously, a global ECG was recorded. VF was induced by burst pacing, and after 60s, perfusion was either reduced to 6 ml/min or the perfusate composition changed to impose hypoxia (95% N(2)/5% CO(2)), pH 6.7 (80% O(2)/20% CO(2)), or hyperkalemia (8 mM). Using fast Fourier transform, power spectra were created from the optical signals and the global ECG. The optical power spectra were summated to give a global power spectrum (pseudoECG). At 600 s the minimum defibrillation voltage (MDV) was determined by step-up protocol. During VF, the ECG and pseudoECG DF were reduced by low-flow ischemia (9.0 ± 1.0 Hz, p < 0.01, n = 5) and raised [K(+)](o) (12.2 ± 1.3 Hz, p < 0.05, n = 7) compared to control (19.2 ± 1.5 Hz, n = 20), but were unaffected by acidic pH(o) (16.7 ± 1.1 Hz, n = 11) and hypoxia (14.0 ± 1.2 Hz, n = 10). In contrast, the MDV was raised by acidic pH (156.1 ± 26.4 V, p < 0.001) and hypoxia (154.1 ± 22.1 V, p < 0.01) compared to control (65.6 ± 2.3 V), but comparable changes were not observed in low-flow ischemia (61.0 ± 0.5 V) or raised [K(+)](o) (56 ± 3 V). In summary, different metabolites are responsible for the reduction in DF and the increase in defibrillation energy during ischemic VF.
Authors:
Jane C Caldwell; Francis L Burton; Stuart M Cobbe; Godfrey L Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-04-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Frontiers in physiology     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1664-042X     ISO Abbreviation:  Front Physiol     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-26     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-08-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101549006     Medline TA:  Front Physiol     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow Glasgow, UK.
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