Document Detail


Sleep quality and effects of position on sleep apnea in East Asian children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20800981     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) affects sleep architecture and quality in East Asian children, and also to assess the effects of body position during sleep on respiratory disturbance during sleep.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 50 consecutive East Asian children with habitual snoring between 2007 and 2009. Nineteen children had OSAS (apnea-hypopnea index, AHI≥5; OSAS group) and 31 children were simple snorers (control group). They underwent polysomnography and physical examination of their nasal and oral cavities with a roentgenogram of the nasopharynx. Sleep architecture and other polysomnographic variables were compared between the OSAS and control groups. The effect of body position during sleep on respiratory disturbance was examined, and also in relation to obesity and adeno-tonsillar size.
RESULTS: There was a decrease in total sleep time and in sleep efficiency, as well as increased arousal and heart rate (P<0.05) in the OSAS group. Sub-analysis of AHI according to sleep posture showed that AHI is higher when the patient is in the supine position than in the non-supine position (P=0.032). The presence of OSAS and kissing tonsils were contributing factors to the positional difference in AHI (P<0.05). Obesity and adenoid hypertrophy did not affect the positional difference of AHI.
CONCLUSIONS: OSAS may have a greater influence on the sleep architecture of East Asian children, and East Asian children may have a higher AHI when sleeping in the supine position. Tonsillar hypertrophy and the presence of OSAS are possible contributing factors for positional difference of AHI in East Asian children.
Authors:
Hyo Yeol Kim; Hun-Jong Dhong; Jae-Kwon Lee; Seung-Kyu Chung; Soo-Chan Jung
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Auris, nasus, larynx     Volume:  38     ISSN:  1879-1476     ISO Abbreviation:  Auris Nasus Larynx     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708170     Medline TA:  Auris Nasus Larynx     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  228-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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