Document Detail

Sleep-disordered breathing in obese children: the southern Italy experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20139225     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The association of obesity with sleep-associated respiratory disturbances, which has traditionally been described as a problem in adults, actually originates in childhood. We sought an association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and overweight and/or obesity in a large cohort of school- and preschool-aged children in Southern Italy. METHODS: One thousand two hundred seven children (612 girls and 595 boys; mean age 7.3 years) were screened by self-administered questionnaires. According to answers, subjects were divided into three groups: nonsnorers (NS), occasional snorers (OS), and habitual snorers (HS). All HS, who also failed an oximetry study at home, underwent polysomnographic monitoring for the definition of SDB. BMI was calculated according to Italian growth charts. RESULTS: A total of 809 subjects (67.0%) were eligible for the study. Of them, 44 subjects (5.4%) were classified as HS, 138 (17.0%) as OS, and 627 (77.5%) as NS. Fourteen subjects (1.7%) were given a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Sixty-four subjects (7.9%) were defined as obese, 121 (14.9%) as overweight, and 624 (77.2%) as normal weight. The frequency of HS was significantly higher in obese subjects than in overweight and normal-weight subjects (12.5% vs 5.8% vs 4.6%, respectively; P = .02), whereas the frequency of OSAS was 1.6% in normal-weight, 1.6% in overweight, and 3.1% in obese subjects (P = not significant). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings in a large sample of Italian children suggest that obesity is associated with snoring.
Luigia Brunetti; Riccardina Tesse; Vito Leonardo Miniello; Isabella Colella; Maurizio Delvecchio; Vito Paolo Logrillo; Ruggiero Francavilla; Lucio Armenio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-02-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  137     ISSN:  1931-3543     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-05     Completed Date:  2010-06-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1085-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Clinica Pediatrica "S. Maggiore," Policlinico, University of Bari, Piazza Giulio Cesare, 11-70124 Bari, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health Surveys
Italy / epidemiology
Obesity / complications*,  epidemiology*
Overweight / complications,  epidemiology
Sleep Apnea Syndromes / epidemiology*,  etiology*
Snoring / epidemiology,  etiology

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