Document Detail


Skipping breakfast: Morningness-eveningness preference is differentially related to state and trait food cravings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23152122     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Eveningness preference is associated with unhealthy eating behaviors. We measured state and trait food cravings in chronotypes in the morning and in the evening. Less Evening (E)- than Morning (M)-types reported to have had breakfast. Accordingly, hours that had elapsed since the last meal were higher in E- than M-types in the morning, but did not differ between groups in the evening. E-types reported higher anticipation of positive reinforcement that may result from eating than M-types in the morning, but both had the same hunger levels. On a trait level, M-types reported more feelings of guilt for giving into cravings compared to E- types. Results suggest that E-types skip breakfast more often than M-types, but this eating pattern does not inevitably lead to more food cravings in the evening or more pronounced habitual cravings. Furthermore, E-types did not experience more hunger in the morning although they had not been eating for a longer time period. Results support findings about a different lifestyle in E-types compared to M-types.
Authors:
Adrian Meule; Karolin Roeser; Christoph Randler; Andrea Kübler
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Eating and weight disorders : EWD     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1590-1262     ISO Abbreviation:  Eat Weight Disord     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9707113     Medline TA:  Eat Weight Disord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology I, University of Würzburg, Marcusstr. 9-11, 97070 Würzburg, Germany.
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