Document Detail

Skin-to-skin contact is analgesic in healthy newborns.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10617751     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether skin-to-skin contact between mothers and their newborns will reduce the pain experienced by the infant during heel lance. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 30 newborn infants were studied. INTERVENTIONS: Infants were assigned randomly to either being held by their mothers in whole body, skin-to-skin contact or to no intervention (swaddled in crib) during a standard heel lance procedure. OUTCOME MEASURES: The effectiveness of the intervention was determined by comparing crying, grimacing, and heart rate differences between contact and control infants during and after blood collection. RESULTS: Crying and grimacing were reduced by 82% and 65%, respectively, from control infant levels during the heel lance procedure. Heart rate also was reduced substantially by contact. CONCLUSION: Skin-to-skin contact is a remarkably potent intervention against the pain experienced during heel stick in newborns.
L Gray; L Watt; E M Blass
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  105     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-01-14     Completed Date:  2000-01-14     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Blood Specimen Collection / adverse effects
Facial Expression
Heart Rate
Infant Behavior
Infant, Newborn / physiology*,  psychology
Mother-Child Relations*
Pain / physiopathology,  psychology,  therapy*
Pain Measurement
Prospective Studies
Grant Support
KO-5, MH5 00 524/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R0-1 MH51705-04A1/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Post-varicella epiglottitis and necrotizing fasciitis.
Next Document:  Childhood obesity and self-esteem.