Document Detail

Skin-to-skin contact after cesarean delivery: an experimental study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20179657     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after vaginal delivery has been shown. After cesarean births, SSC is not done for practical and medical safety reasons because it is believed that infants may suffer mild hypothermia. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare mothers' and newborns' temperatures after cesarean delivery when SSC was practiced (naked baby except for a small diaper, covered with a blanket, prone on the mother's chest) with those when routine care was practiced (dressed, in the bassinet or in the mother's bed) in the 2 hours beginning when the mother returned from the operating room. METHODS: An experimental, noninferiority adaptive trial was designed with four levels of analysis: 34 pairs of mothers and newborns, after elective cesarean delivery, were randomized to SSC (n = 17) or routine care (n = 17). Temporal artery temperature was taken with an infrared ray thermometer at half-hour intervals. RESULTS: Compared with newborns who received routine care, SSC cesarean-delivered newborns were not at risk for hypothermia. The mean temperatures of both groups were almost identical: after 30 min, 36.1 degrees C for both groups (+/-0.4 degrees C for SSCs and +/-0.5 degrees C for the controls), and after 120 min, 36.2 degrees C +/- 0.3 degrees C for SSCs versus 36.4 degrees C +/- 0.7 degrees C for the controls (no significant differences). Time from delivery to the mothers' return to their room was 51 +/- 10 min. The SSC newborns attached to the breast earlier (nine SSC newborns and four controls after 30 min) were breast-fed (exclusively or prevalently) at discharge (13 SSCs and 11 controls) and at 3 months (11 SSCs and 8 controls), and the SSC mothers expressed high levels of satisfaction with the intervention. DISCUSSION: Cesarean-delivered newborns who experienced SSC within 1 hour of delivery are not at risk for hypothermia.
Silvia Gouchon; Dario Gregori; Amabile Picotto; Giovanna Patrucco; Marco Nangeroni; Paola Di Giulio
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nursing research     Volume:  59     ISSN:  1538-9847     ISO Abbreviation:  Nurs Res     Publication Date:    2010 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-10     Completed Date:  2010-04-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376404     Medline TA:  Nurs Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  78-84     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; N    
Research and Education Unit, Ospedali Riuniti, Pinerolo, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Cesarean Section / adverse effects*
Hypothermia / prevention & control*
Infant Care / methods
Infant, Newborn
Mother-Child Relations
Postnatal Care / methods*
Postpartum Period / physiology*
Skin Temperature / physiology*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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