Document Detail


Skin cancer awareness in suburban employees: a Hispanic perspective.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12077590     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States and accounts for an estimated 1 million new cases per year. In the white population, the rate of new melanomas diagnosed yearly has more than doubled from 5/100,000 in 1973 to 12/100,000 in 1990. The current lifetime risks for white persons are estimated to be 28% to 33% for basal cell carcinoma and 7% to 11% for squamous cell carcinoma. Skin cancer is more common in sun-sensitive, fair-skinned individuals but can occur in any ethnic group, especially with exposure in tropical or sunny climates. Little is known about awareness of skin cancer, risk perception, and performance of skin self-examination (SSE) by people with skin that rarely burns. Our purpose was to evaluate skin cancer awareness, perceptions of skin cancer risk, and performance of SSE in a Hispanic versus non-Hispanic white population with similar access to health care and promotion. One hundred forty people employed by a suburban city voluntarily attended a free skin cancer screening and completed a self-administered survey. Hispanic individuals reported decreased skin sensitivity and tendency to burn. Non-Hispanic individuals believed they were at greater than average risk for skin cancer, and most Hispanics believed they were at average or below average risk. None of the 27 Hispanics reported ever being taught SSE. More non-Hispanics (32%) had performed SSE within the last year than Hispanics (15%). Regular SSE was associated with a history of skin cancer. Multimedia messages usually link skin cancer warning signs and early detection strategies with having sun-sensitive skin. People without sun sensitivity did not perceive themselves as being at risk, did not learn the warning signs of skin cancer, and did not perform SSE. Awareness of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer and perception of risk among Hispanics were less than among non-Hispanics, which may contribute to presentation for care at an advanced stage.
Authors:
Michelle Pipitone; June K Robinson; Cristina Camara; Bharati Chittineni; Susan G Fisher
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0190-9622     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-21     Completed Date:  2002-07-22     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7907132     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Dermatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  118-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Dermatology, Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University, Maywood, IL, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attitude to Health / ethnology*
European Continental Ancestry Group
Female
Health Promotion / organization & administration
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Incidence
Male
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Self-Examination / statistics & numerical data*
Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Survival Analysis
United States / epidemiology
Urban Population

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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