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Skeletal maturation in obese patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23195363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare skeletal maturation in obese patients and in subjects of normal weight to evaluate the best timing for orthopedic and orthodontic treatment. The null hypothesis was that obese and normal-weight patients show similar degrees of skeletal maturation.
METHODS: The sample for this retrospective study consisted of 50 white patients (28 boys, 22 girls) whose x-rays (hand-wrist and lateral cephalometric radiographs) were already available. The test group included 25 obese patients (11 girls, 14 boys; average age, 9.8 ± 2.11 years), and the control group included 25 subjects of normal weight (11 girls, 14 boys; average age, 9.9 ± 2.5 years). Skeletal maturation was determined by using the carpal analysis method and the cervical vertebral maturation method.
RESULTS: According to the carpal analysis, there was a significant difference between skeletal and chronologic ages between the test group (11.8 ± 11.4 months) and the control group (-2.9 ± 3.1 months). Furthermore, the obese subjects exhibited a significantly higher mean cervical vertebral maturation score (2.8 ± 0.7) than did the control subjects (2 ± 0.6) (P <0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the normal-weight subjects, the obese subjects showed a higher mean discrepancy between skeletal and chronologic ages according to the carpal analysis and had a significantly higher cervical vertebral maturation score. Thus, to account for the growth in obese patients with skeletal discrepancies, it might be necessary to perform examinations and dentofacial and orthopedic treatments earlier than in normal-weight subjects.
Maria Rita Giuca; Marco Pasini; Simona Tecco; Enrico Marchetti; Laura Giannotti; Giuseppe Marzo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics     Volume:  142     ISSN:  1097-6752     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8610224     Medline TA:  Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  774-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Associate professor, Department of Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
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