Document Detail

Size-dependent cellular toxicity of silver nanoparticles.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22308013     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have found a variety of uses including biomedical materials; however, studies of the cytotoxicity of AgNPs by size effects are only in the beginning stage. In this study, we examined the size-dependent cellular toxicity of AgNPs using three different characteristic sizes (∼ 10, 50, and 100 nm) against several cell lines including MC3T3-E1 and PC12. The cytotoxic effect determined based on the cell viability, intracellular reactive oxygen species generation, lactate dehydrogenase release, ultrastructural changes in cell morphology, and upregulation of stress-related genes (ho-1 and MMP-3) was fairly size- and dose-dependent. In particular, AgNPs stimulated apoptosis in the MC3T3-E1 cells, but induced necrotic cell death in the PC12 cells. Furthermore, the smallest sized AgNPs (10 nm size) had a greater ability to induce apoptosis in the MC3T3-E1 cells than the other sized AgNPs (50 and 100 nm). These data suggest that the AgNPs-induced cytotoxic effects against tissue cells are particle size-dependent, and thus, the particle size needs careful consideration in the design of the nanoparticles for biomedical uses. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A:, 2012.
Tae-Hyun Kim; Meeju Kim; Hyung-Seok Park; Ueon Sang Shin; Myoung-Seon Gong; Hae-Won Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-4965     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101234237     Medline TA:  J Biomed Mater Res A     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering (ITREN), Dankook University, South Korea.
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