Document Detail


Size-controllable one-dimensional SnO2 nanocrystals: synthesis, growth mechanism, and gas sensing property.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17066177     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Single crystalline one-dimensional (1-D) SnO(2) nanocrystals with controllable sizes, including the diameter and the aspect ratio, were synthesized by modulating the precursor concentration, reaction time and temperature via a solution method. By regulating the growth in a kinetic regime, a higher temperature range (220-240 degrees C) was beneficial to the growth of SnO(2) nanowires, while reactions below 220 degrees C only resulted in nanorods or even nanoparticles. The aggregates of SnO(2) nanocrystals in the forms of hollow spheres and dendrites were observed as the intermediates for the nanowires. Based on the TEM and SEM observations, the growth mechanism is discussed from the viewpoints of the nature of the reverse micelles and the crystal habit of rutile SnO(2). CO gas sensing measurements were also carried out for SnO(2) nanocrystals with different assembly styles. The results indicate that the sensitivity had close correlation to the specific surface area of the nanocrystals.
Authors:
Dong-Feng Zhang; Ling-Dong Sun; Gang Xu; Chun-Hua Yan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2006-09-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1463-9076     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2006 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-26     Completed Date:  2007-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888160     Medline TA:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4874-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, State Key Lab of Rare Earth Materials Chemistry and Applications, PKU-HKU Joint Lab in Rare Earth Materials and Bioinorganic Chemistry, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Carbon Monoxide / chemistry
Gases / chemistry*
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning Transmission
Nanoparticles / chemistry*
Particle Size*
Tin Compounds / chemistry*
X-Ray Diffraction
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Gases; 0/Tin Compounds; 18282-10-5/stannic oxide; 630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

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