Document Detail


Sixty-four multi-detector computerised tomography in the detection of lower gastrointestinal bleeding: A prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21696557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Introduction: Acute gastrointestinal bleeding (AGIB) is a serious and life-threatening condition. Many diagnostic procedures and tests are being used to detect the site of bleeding with different success rates. The aim of our study is to prospectively evaluate accuracy of 64-slice multi-detector computerised tomography (MDCT) in the diagnosis of lower AGIB. Methods: Between September 2007 and January 2009, patients with presumed lower AGIB were referred to the radiology department of our institution for 64-slice MDCT examination as part of the investigation for the lower AGIB. Any abnormalities to account for bleeding, such as tumours, bowel wall enhancement and increased intraluminal density, were recorded. Results: Out of 139 patients with AGIB that were admitted to our casualty department, 27 patients (19 men and 8 women) in the age range of 24-88 years (mean age, 56 years) were suspected to have lower AGIB. Sixty-four-slice MDCT was performed and considered positive for bleeding in 19 (70%) cases, and in all the cases, the bleeding source was indentified in the arterial phase, showing a focal dense wall enhancement in 8 (42%) cases, circumferential wall enhancement in 4 (22%) cases and progressive increasing intraluminal density in 7 (36%) cases. The venous phase scan showed increased dispersion of the contrast within the lumen as an additional clue for active extravasation in 15 (79%) out of the 19 cases. Delayed 5-min scanning showed the same findings as venous phase in all the 19 positive cases and failed to depict any additional findings in the eight cases that were negative on arterial or venous phases. Conclusion: The study supports the high accuracy of 64-slice MDCT in locating the site of AGIB in patients thought to have a distal source of bleeding. Its accuracy in clinically proximal bleeding is not clear from this study, but MDCT is capable of showing such sources.
Authors:
Osama Al-Saeed; Osama Kombar; Mohammed Morsy; Mehraj Sheikh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1754-9485     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101469340     Medline TA:  J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology © 2011 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists.
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Kuwait UniversityDepartments of Radiology Surgery, Amiri Hospital, Kuwait City, Kuwait.
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