Document Detail


Sixty-four-multi-detector computed tomography diagnosis of coronary artery anomalies in 66 patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20497674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The abnormalities of coronary arteries, though rare and sometimes benign, may first present clinically as myocardial infarction or sudden death. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) is a non-invasive test that is highly suitable for detecting these anomalies. The study aimed to review the 64-MDCT appearance of the coronary artery anomalies in 66 patients and to discuss the clinical importance of these anomalies. METHODS: In 6014 consecutive patients examined over 12 months by 64-MDCT for the study of coronary artery disease, 66 were diagnosed for coronary artery anomalies. All patients were symptomatic for one or more of the following diseases: chest pain, dyspnoea, palpitations, arrhythmia and myocardial infarction. Nine patients had undergone a coronary angiography. All the CT images were evaluated by two radiologists and one cardiologist. The right coronary artery (RCA) and the conus branch arising separately, myocardial bridging and duplication of arteries were not analysed in our study. RESULTS: The incidence of coronary artery anomalies found in our study group was 1.097%. In the selected patients, seven different types of coronary anomalies were found by 64-MDCT examination. The high takeoff, origin of the coronary artery from the opposite or noncoronary sinus with an anomalous course, and coronary artery fistula were the three common forms of anomalies (n = 16, 18 and 16, respectively). Compared with the results of the coronary angiography, the number of the drainage sites of two coronary artery fistula was less in MDCT images (3 small sites in total). In all cases, coronary artery computed tomography angiography (CTA) technique was able to recognize the origin of the coronary artery, its three-dimensional course and its spatial relationship with the adjacent structures. Conventional coronary angiography in two cases, however, was unable to provide sufficient information for correct and complete diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the study showed that 64-MDCT, especially the volume rendering technique (VRT), may be useful for the assessment of complex variations, even if the conventional angiography may not be sufficient. It may be considered as the first-choice imaging modality when an anomalous coronary artery is suspected.
Authors:
Shan Yang; Meng-Su Zeng; Zhi-Yong Zhang; Zhi-Qing Ling; Jian-Ying Ma; Gang Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  123     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-25     Completed Date:  2010-09-14     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  838-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Child
Child, Preschool
Coronary Vessel Anomalies / radiography*
Female
Humans
Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods*
Male
Middle Aged
Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*
Young Adult

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