Document Detail


Site-specific intravascular ultrasound analysis of remodelling index and calcified necrosis patterns reveals novel blueprints for coronary plaque instability.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25276614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIMS: Post-mortem pathological studies have shown that a "vulnerable" plaque is the dominant patho-physiological mechanism responsible for acute coronary syndromes (ACS). One way to improve our understanding of these plaques in vivo is by using histological "surrogates" created by intravascular ultrasound derived virtual histology (IVUS-VH). Our aim in this analysis was to determine the relationship between site-specific differences in individual plaque areas between ACS plaques and stable plaques (SP), with a focus on remodelling index and the pattern of calcifying necrosis.
METHODS AND RESULTS: IVUS-VH was performed before percutaneous intervention in both ACS culprit plaques (CP) n=70 and stable disease (SP) n=35. A total of 210 plaque sites were examined in 105 lesions at the minimum lumen area (MLA) and the maximum necrotic core site (MAX NC). Each plaque site had multiple measurements made including some novel calculations to ascertain the plaque calcification equipoise (PCE) and the calcified interface area (CIA). CP has greater amounts of positive remodelling at the MLA (RI@MLA): 1.1 (±0.17) vs. 0.95 (±0.14) (P<0.001); lower values for PCE 30% vs. 54% (P<0.001) but a higher CIA 5.38 (±2.72) vs. 3.58 (±2.26) (P=0.001). These features can provide discriminatory ability between plaque types with area under the curve (AUC) measurements between 0.65-0.86. The cut-off values with greatest sensitivity and specificity to discriminate CP morphologies were: RI @ MLA >1.12; RI @ MAX NC >1.22; PCE @ MLA <47.1%; PCE @MAX NC <47.3%; CIA @ MLA >2.6; CIA @ MAX NC >3.1.
CONCLUSIONS: Determining the stage of calcifying necrosis, along with the remodelling index can discriminate between stable and ACS related plaques. These findings could be applied in the future to help detect plaques that have a vulnerable phenotype.
Authors:
Scott W Murray; Billal Patel; Rodney H Stables; Raphael A Perry; Nicholas D Palmer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular diagnosis and therapy     Volume:  4     ISSN:  2223-3652     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc Diagn Ther     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-03     Completed Date:  2014-10-03     Revised Date:  2014-10-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101601613     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Diagn Ther     Country:  China (Republic : 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-98     Citation Subset:  -    
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