Document Detail

Site dependency of fatty acid composition in adipose triacylglycerol in rats and its absence as a result of high-fat feeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21696790     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
It is currently believed that metabolic syndrome, in general, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, in particular, depend more on visceral than on subcutaneous adipose tissue. However, the relationship between insulin resistance and fatty acid composition in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues remains to be clarified. In the present study, we extracted the triacylglycerol from visceral (epididymis and mesentery) and subcutaneous adipose tissues in normal and insulin-resistant, high-fat-fed (HFF) rats and determined the composition of each fatty acid. The concentrations of palmitoleic, docosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic, dihomo-γ-linolenic, arachidonic, and docosatetraenoic acids were higher in epididymal adipose tissue than in mesenteric and subcutaneous adipose tissues; but no significant differences were detected between mesenteric and subcutaneous tissues in the normal group or among all the sites in the HFF rats. In the HFF group, stearic and oleic acid concentrations were higher, whereas n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated ones were lower, than those in the normal group. Palmitoleic acid and some n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid compositions in adipose tissue triacylglycerol depend on anatomical location, which may affect the properties and/or function of adipose tissues. These results at least in part suggest that the properties of adipose tissue are difficult to distinguish based only on their "visceral" or "subcutaneous" sites. In addition, the absence of site dependence and/or difference in balance among saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids may play an important role in the development of insulin resistance in the HFF rats.
Daisuke Sato; Takao Nakamura; Kazuhiko Tsutsumi; Go Shinzawa; Toru Karimata; Takahiro Okawa; Zhonggang Feng; Masataka Kusunoki
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8600     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Biomedical Information Engineering, Graduate School of Medical Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan.
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