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Sitcom syncope: a case series and literature review of gelastic (laughter-induced) syncope.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21084790     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Syncope is a common complaint that is frequently evaluated without identifying a precipitating cause. Gelastic (laughter-induced) syncope is an uncommon and poorly understood condition. We describe 3 patients who experienced loss of consciousness during vigorous laughter. Each patient had an extensive medical evaluation, including a comprehensive history and physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiography, chest radiograph, routine blood analysis, polysomnography, tilt table testing, 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography, nuclear or echocardiographic stress testing, and 24-hour Holter monitoring. All 3 patients had an abnormal response to head-up tilt table testing, with either a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure or inappropriate heart rate response on achieving an upright position. These observations together with our review of the literature suggest that gelastic syncope may be a variant of vasodepressor syncope. Knowledge of this condition, its pathophysiology, and potential treatment options may be of value to clinicians when evaluating patients with unexplained loss of consciousness.
Authors:
Prashan H Thiagarajah; Dennis Finkielstein; Jerome E Granato
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Postgraduate medicine     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1941-9260     ISO Abbreviation:  Postgrad Med     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401147     Medline TA:  Postgrad Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  137-44     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA 15212, USA.
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