Document Detail

Sirolimus produced S-shaped effect on adult polycystic kidneys after 2-year treatment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23195001     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This double-blind trial followed 16 patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) who received telmisartan or sirolimus plus telmisartan for 24 months. The 6-month pilot study showed a promising effect of sirolimus. The primary metric of this 2-year study was the change in total kidney volume at 12 and 24 months, as measured on magnetic resonance imaging. Secondary outcome was changes in renal function from the baseline at months 12 and 24. Among patients receiving sirolimus, the mean total kidney volume increased from 2845 mL to 3381 mL at 1 year and to 3901 mL at 2 years versus placebo values increasing from 2667 mL to 3680 mL and 3776 mL, respectively. The posttreatment mean total kidney volume increased less on sirolimus (P = .07) versus control therapy (P = .05) after 1 year, but there was no difference at 24 months. Kidney volume was stable on sirolimus to 12 months, increasing steadily to 24 months. In contrast, kidney volume increased steadily among patients on telmisartan alone both at 12 and 24 months. In conclusion, sirolimus appeared to retard kidney growth among patients with ADPKD during the first 6 months of therapy but not to halt growth thereafter, thus eliciting S-shaped effect. The dose of sirolimus (1 mg per day) was associated with a low rate of side effects similar those observed in kidney transplantation.
A Soliman; S Zamil; A Lotfy; E Ismail
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation proceedings     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1873-2623     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplant. Proc.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-30     Completed Date:  2013-05-13     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243532     Medline TA:  Transplant Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2936-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers / therapeutic use
Benzimidazoles / therapeutic use
Benzoates / therapeutic use
Disease Progression
Double-Blind Method
Drug Therapy, Combination
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Kidney / drug effects*,  enzymology,  pathology,  physiopathology
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Organ Size
Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant / diagnosis,  drug therapy*,  enzymology,  physiopathology
Protein Kinase Inhibitors / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Sirolimus / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors,  metabolism
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers; 0/Benzimidazoles; 0/Benzoates; 0/Protein Kinase Inhibitors; EC protein, human; EC Serine-Threonine Kinases; U5SYW473RQ/telmisartan; W36ZG6FT64/Sirolimus

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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