Document Detail

Sinus nodal response to adenosine relates to the severity of sinus node dysfunction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22201017     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AimsIt is unknown as to whether the result of adenosine testing for the diagnosis of sinus node dysfunction (SND) depends on the clinical presentation. We investigated whether syncope or presyncope are associated with a more pronounced sinus nodal inhibition by adenosine in SND.Methods and resultsWe studied 46 patients with SND, 33 with syncope or presyncope and 13 without such history. Controls were 30 subjects undergoing electrophysiological studies for supraventricular tachycardia or unexplained syncope. We calculated the corrected sinus node recovery time after intravenous adenosine 0.15 mg/kg (ADSNRT) as well as after atrial pacing (CSNRT). Corrected sinus node recovery time values >525 ms were considered abnormal. Corrected sinus node recovery time after adenosine injection was more prolonged in SND patients with syncope or presyncope as compared with those without such history [median: 4900 inter-quartile range (IQR): 920-8560 ms vs. median: 280 IQR: 5-908 ms; P< 0.005]. In SND patients with syncope or presyncope ADSNRT was more prolonged than CSNRT (median: 4900 IQR: 920-8560 ms vs. median: 680 IQR: 359-1650 ms, P< 0.01). In SND patients without syncope or presyncope no statistical difference was noted between ADSNRT and CSNRT (median: 280 IQR: 5-908 ms vs. median: 396 IQR: 270-600 ms, P= 0.80). The sensitivity of CSNRT for SND diagnosis was 57% and the specificity was 100%. A cut-off of 1029 ms for ADSRNT yields the same sensitivity with a specificity of 96.6%.ConclusionIn patients with SND syncope or presyncope relate to an exaggerated sinus nodal suppression by adenosine. Prolonged ADSNRT can diagnose cases with severe underlying SND where a more aggressive management strategy is probably warranted.
Nikolaos Fragakis; Antonios P Antoniadis; Panagiotis Korantzopoulos; Panagiota Kyriakou; Konstantinos C Koskinas; Paraschos Geleris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
13rd Cardiology Department, Hippokration Hospital, Aristotle University Medical School, 49 Konstantinoupoleos Street, 54642, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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