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Sinus Rhythm ECG Criteria Associated with Basal-Lateral Ventricular Tachycardia Substrate in Patients with Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21736660     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ECG Criteria Associated with NICM VT. Introduction: Patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) usually have basal-lateral scar in the left ventricle (LV). We sought to determine electrocardiogram (ECG) characteristics that may help identify NICM patients with basal-lateral scar and VT.  Methods and Results: Phase I, study patients (n = 25) had NICM, VT, and endocardial/epicardial basal-lateral LV low voltage consistent with scar on detailed mapping. ECGs were compared to controls (n = 18) with NICM, and comparable age and gender without VT/known scar. All patients had either sinus or paced atrial rhythm ECGs without bundle-branch block or ventricular pacing. In phase II, criteria were evaluated prospectively, blinded to clinical data, using ECGs from 15 NICM patients, of which 7 patients had VT and endocardial/epicardial basal-lateral LV scar on detailed mapping. Of ECG characteristics studied, V1 R and R:S ratio, and V6 S and S:R ratio were univariately associated with basal-lateral-scar associated VT. Controlling for LVEF and multicollinearity in multivariate analyses, V1 R ≥ 0.15 mV (P = 0.001) and V6 S ≥ 0.15 mV (P < 0.001), or V6 S:R ≥ 0.2 mV (P < 0.001), best predicted presence of basal-lateral scar. In Phase II, the former criteria best identified those with NICM and VT because of basal-lateral scar, with sensitivity and specificity 0.86 and 0.88, respectively.  Conclusions: Among patients with NICM, VT, and normal QRS duration, V1 R ≥ 0.15 mV and V6 S ≥ 0.15 mV predicted presence of basal-lateral LV areas of bipolar low voltage. This ECG information may have important value in defining presence of LV scar and possible risk for VT in NICM patients. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. pp. 1-8).
Authors:
Wendy S Tzou; Erica S Zado; David Lin; David J Callans; Sanjay Dixit; Joshua M Cooper; Rupa Bala; Fermin Garcia; Mathew D Hutchinson; Michael P Riley; Rajat Deo; Edward P Gerstenfeld; Francis E Marchlinski
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8167     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9010756     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Section of Cardiac Electrophysiology, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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