Document Detail

Singleton vaginal breech delivery at term: still a safe option.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14990399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the obstetric and perinatal outcome of pregnancies with singleton breech presentation at term when selection for vaginal delivery was based on clear prelabor and intrapartum criteria. METHODS: The outcomes of all pregnancies with a breech presentation after 37 weeks of gestation were retrospectively reviewed from January 1997 to June 2000. Criteria for prelabor cesarean or trial of vaginal breech delivery included type of breech, estimated fetal weight (more than 3,800 g), maternal preference, and gestation more than 41 weeks. An intrapartum protocol excluded induction and oxytocin augmentation of labor, combined with a low threshold for cesarean delivery for dystocic labor; an experienced obstetrician was in attendance during labor and delivery. RESULTS: Of 641 women, 343 (54%) underwent prelabor cesarean, and 298 (46%) had a trial of vaginal delivery, of whom 146 (49%) delivered vaginally. Significantly fewer nulliparas (58 of 158, 37%) than multiparas (88 of 140, 63%; P <.001) achieved vaginal delivery after trial of labor. Significantly more infants weighing more than 3,800 g were selected for prelabor (87 of 343, 25%) and intrapartum (31 of 152, 20%) cesarean than delivered vaginally (15 of 146, 10%). Two neonates (0.7%) had Apgar scores of less than 7 at 5 minutes; both were neurologically normal at 6 weeks. There were no nonanomalous perinatal deaths and no cases of significant trauma or neurological dysfunction; 3 infants delivered vaginally died due to lethal anomalies. CONCLUSION: Safe vaginal breech delivery at term can be achieved with strict selection criteria, adherence to a careful intrapartum protocol, and with an experienced obstetrician in attendance. Our protocol effectively selects larger infants for cesarean delivery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II-2
May Alarab; Carmen Regan; Michael P O'Connell; Declan P Keane; Colm O'Herlihy; Michael E Foley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-01     Completed Date:  2004-04-08     Revised Date:  2009-10-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  407-12     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College Dublin, National Maternity Hospital, Holles Street, Dublin 2, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Apgar Score
Birth Weight
Breech Presentation*
Delivery, Obstetric / methods*
Gestational Age
Infant, Newborn
Patient Selection*
Pregnancy Outcome
Retrospective Studies
Trial of Labor*
Comment In:
Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jul;104(1):191   [PMID:  15229021 ]
Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Jul;104(1):190; author reply 190   [PMID:  15229019 ]
Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Mar;103(3):405-6   [PMID:  14990398 ]

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