Document Detail

Singlet oxygen-induced arrhythmias. Dose- and light-response studies for photoactivation of rose bengal in the rat heart.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2553300     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In a study of aerobically perfused rat hearts, the in situ photoactivation (530-590 nm) of rose bengal (a process that leads to the production of singlet oxygen and superoxide) has been shown to lead to the rapid development of electrocardiographic abnormalities and arrhythmias. With rose bengal concentrations of 1,000, 500, 250, 100, and 50 nmol/l (n = 6/group), photoactivation (3,600 lx) led to electrocardiographic changes (inversion of the T wave, Q-T prolongation, or both) after 3.8 +/- 0.9, 4.5 +/- 0.7, 11.8 +/- 2.1, 24.8 +/- 3.9, and 65.3 +/- 6.0 seconds), respectively; ventricular premature beats occurred in 100% of hearts after 0.5 +/- 0.2, 1.1 +/- 0.3, 2.2 +/- 0.7, 4.4 +/- 0.8, and 6.6 +/- 1.2 minutes, respectively. Ventricular tachycardia occurred in 83%, 83%, 83%, 67%, and 50% of hearts after 2.1 +/- 0.2, 2.1 +/- 0.4, 2.8 +/- 0.7, 5.7 +/- 2.0, and 11.2 +/- 1.9 minutes, respectively, and complete atrioventricular block in 100%, 100%, 100%, 100%, and 67% of hearts after 3.8 +/- 0.7, 6.5 +/- 1.0, 5.5 +/- 0.9, 13.8 +/- 1.0, and 14.1 +/- 0.9 minutes, respectively. With a fixed concentration (250 nmol/l) of rose bengal, similar light-response relations were observed. Photoactivation of rose bengal had no effect on heart rate but caused a transient (0-4 minutes) vasodilation followed by a progressive vasoconstriction. In further studies in which rose bengal was washed out for 10 minutes before photoactivation, several arrhythmias still developed, indicating that rose bengal binds strongly to tissue and acts as a cellular level rather than in the vascular compartment. To assess the reversibility of rose bengal-induced effects, hearts (n = 6/group) were perfused with rose bengal (250 nmol/l) for 1, 2, 4, 6, and 20 minutes followed by perfusion in the dark for 19, 18, 16, 14, and 0 minutes, respectively. During dark perfusion, the incidence of arrhythmias declined and any decrease in coronary flow was reversed. However, analysis of contents of adenosine triphosphate, creatine phosphate, lactate, and creatine kinase leakage indicated the occurrence of severe injury that did not abate on termination of photoactivation. Finally, although many arrhythmias developed before the onset of vasoconstriction, the reduction in flow with consequent ischemia was shown to exacerbate vulnerability to arrhythmias. In conclusion, short-lived reactive oxygen intermediates such as singlet oxygen and superoxide, which are produced during the photoactivation of rose bengal, can cause rapid and major damage to the heart and its function.
Y Kusama; M Bernier; D J Hearse
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1989 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-12-18     Completed Date:  1989-12-18     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1432-48     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; S    
Cardiovascular Research, Rayne Institute, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / etiology*
Coronary Circulation
Fiber Optic Technology
Free Radicals
Heart Rate
Oxygen / toxicity*
Rose Bengal*
Singlet Oxygen
Superoxides / toxicity*
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Free Radicals; 11062-77-4/Superoxides; 11121-48-5/Rose Bengal; 17778-80-2/Singlet Oxygen; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

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