Document Detail


Single particle characterization of ultrafine and accumulation mode particles from heavy duty diesel vehicles using aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16830561     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aerodynamic size and chemical composition of individual ultrafine and accumulation mode particle emissions (Da = 50-300 nm) were characterized to determine mass spectral signatures for heavy duty diesel vehicle (HDDV) emissions that can be used for atmospheric source apportionment. As part of this study, six in-use HDDVs were operated on a chassis dynamometer using the heavy heavy-duty diesel truck (HHDDT) five-cycle driving schedule under different simulated weight loads. The exhaust emissions were passed through a dilution/residence system to simulate atmospheric dilution conditions, after which an ultrafine aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometer (UF-ATOFMS) was used to sample and characterize the HDDV exhaust particles in real-time. This represents the first study where refractory species including elemental carbon and metals are characterized directly in HDDV emissions using on-line mass spectrometry. The top three particle classes observed with the UF-ATOFMS comprise 91% of the total particles sampled and show signatures indicative of a combination of elemental carbon (EC) and engine lubricating oil. In addition to the vehicle make/year, the effects of driving cycle and simulated weight load on exhaust particle size and composition were investigated.
Authors:
Stephen M Toner; David A Sodeman; Kimberly A Prather
Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-11     Completed Date:  2006-11-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3912-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0314, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aerosols
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Environmental Monitoring / methods
Gasoline*
Mass Spectrometry / instrumentation,  methods
Motor Vehicles*
Particle Size
Vehicle Emissions / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aerosols; 0/Air Pollutants; 0/Gasoline; 0/Vehicle Emissions

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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