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Single crystalline β-SiAlON nanowhiskers: preparation and enhanced properties at high temperature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22565532     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Single crystalline β-SiAlON (z = 1.0) nanowhiskers with uniform morphology were prepared using a reaction sintering method at 1773 K for 6 h under flowing nitrogen atmosphere. The as-synthesized whiskers were well-crystallized with about 100-200 nm in diameter and a few hundred microns in length. According to the thermodynamic calculation, Al(g) and SiO(g) are important intermediate reactants to synthesize β-SiAlON whiskers. In the experiment, the two phases was controlled by changing the flow rate of nitrogen to make β-SiAlON whiskers grow in a stable way. The formation of β-SiAlON whiskers occurred through a vapor-solid (VS) mechanism. SiAlON was found to grow as a single crystal whisker from the (101[combining macron]0) plane of the granule. Furthermore, an enhanced oxidation resistance for β-SiAlON whiskers at high temperature was also observed using the thermogravimetry method (TG), demonstrating that β-SiAlON whiskers with uniform morphology is a promising candidate as a reinforcing agent in composite.
Authors:
Xinmei Hou; Ziyou Yu; Zhiyuan Chen; Baojun Zhao; Kuo-Chih Chou
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-9234     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101176026     Medline TA:  Dalton Trans     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing100083, China. houxinmei@ustb.edu.cn.
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