Document Detail

Simultaneous folate intake may prevent advers effect of valproic acid on neurulating nervous system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22246336     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to elucidate the preventive effect of folic acid (FA) on teratogenic effects of valporic acid (VA) in early stage chick embryos on neural tube development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty specific pathogen-free (SPF) chick eggs were used to investigate the neurulation in five groups. Group A was the control group. Group B was injected 0.02 ml of saline (0.9% NaCl) and was used for sham group. VA (0.72 mg) in 0.02 ml saline was injected in Group C, and 0.342 mcg of FA in 0.02 ml NaCl were administered to the embryos in Group D. VA (0.72 mg) + 0.342 mcg of FA in 0.02 ml saline were administered simultaneously to the eggs in Group E. At the end of 72 h, all embryos were extracted from eggs and were fixed, and for histological analyses hematoxylin and eosine was used, for detection of apoptotic cells terminal deoxyribonucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP-X nick end labeling (TUNEL) was used and for distribution of P53, bcl-2 and caspase-3, caspase-6, caspase-8 and caspase-9 immunoperoxidase techniques were used. RESULTS: While there were no neural tube defects in the embryos of groups A, B and D, eight embryos died in group C and there were 12 embryos with retarded embryological development. In contrast to that, no death was observed in group E, but only eight embryos were detected with maldevelopmental delay stage. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that VA may induce apoptotic mechanisms but not through the p53 pathway. In addition, FA effectively prevents the teratogenic influence of VA on chick embryo at neurulation stages by stopping cascade of apoptosis before caspase 3 expression.
Ahmet Sukru Umur; Mehmet Selcuki; Adem Bursali; Nurcan Umur; Burcu Kara; H Seda Vatansever; Yusuf Kurtulus Duransoy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-0350     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Celal Bayar University, 45020, Manisa, Turkey,
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