Document Detail

Simultaneous Tracking of Catheters and Guidewires: Comparison to Standard Fluoroscopic Guidance for Arterial Cannulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24183249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in vitro study was to clinically assess the feasibility of a three-dimensional (3D) electromagnetic (EM) navigator, including sensorized catheters and guidewires, to determine any reduction in radiation dose and contrast medium injection.
METHODS: The study was performed using a navigator prototype developed at the EndoCAS center. The system includes catheters and guidewires simultaneously tracked with an EM localizer (Aurora, Northern Digital, Waterloo, Canada). Tests were performed on a commercial abdominal aortic aneurysm model. Fifteen operators were asked to cannulate renal arteries using the conventional fluoroscopic guidance and the EM navigator without fluoroscopic support. Each trial was video-recorded and analyzed for timing and success of completing the cannulation task by two blinded and independent observers. Performances were also qualitatively evaluated using the Imperial College Endovascular Cannulation Scoring Tool (IC3ST). Moreover, a questionnaire was administered to participants to evaluate the navigator potentialities.
RESULTS: Quantitative analysis results show no significant difference between the fluoroscopic and EM guidance regarding the total procedure time (median 2.36 minutes [interquartile range {IQR} = 1.26-4.7) vs. 2.95 min [IQR = 1.35-5.38], respectively; p = .93); number of total hits with catheter/guidewire tip to vessels wall (median 5.50 [IQR = 2.00-10.00] vs. 3.50 [IQR = 2.50-7.00], respectively; p = .65); and number of attempts at cannulation (median 4.0 [IQR = 2.00-5.00] vs. 4.0 [IQR = 2.00-5.00], respectively; p = .72]. Moreover, there was no significant difference between the IC3ST score obtained using the EM navigator and the traditional method (average 22.37 [STD = 7.95] vs. 21.58 [STD = 6.86]; p = .92). Finally, questionnaire results indicate a general agreement concerning the navigator usefulness, which clearly shows the positions of instruments inside the 3D model of the patient's anatomy. Participants also agreed that the navigator can reduce the amount of contrast media delivered to the patient, as well as fluoroscopy time.
CONCLUSIONS: This work provides proof of concept that simultaneous EM navigation of guidewires and catheters is feasible without the use of live fluoroscopic images.
S Condino; E M Calabrò; A Alberti; S Parrini; R Cioni; R N Berchiolli; M Gesi; V Ferrari; M Ferrari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-10-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-11-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
EndoCAS Center, Department of Translational Research on New Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address:
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