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Simultaneous Carotid Endarterectomy and Cardiac Surgery: Early Results of 386 Patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22791199     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background The occurrence of severe carotid artery disease in more than 12% of patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) results in a discrepancy concerning best treatment for both diseases. We reviewed the early outcome of patients with CABG and/or valve replacement (VR) and simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA).Methods We retrospectively evaluated 386 patients after simultaneous operation between 7/1994 and 9/2010. Total 326 patients received isolated CABG, 56 CABG and/ or VR, 4 aortic surgery. Mean age was 68.3 years (range: 45 to 87). Male patients were 229. Severity of stenosis at operated side was 70 to 80% in 167, 80 to 99% in 219 patients. Total 164 patients showed bilateral carotid stenosis, 32 had contralateral occlusion. We analyzed risk factors, morbidity, incidence of neurological events, and 30-day mortality.Results Perioperative stroke with hemiplegia occurred in 10 patients (2.6%). Three patients experienced PRIND, seven TIA. A 30-day mortality was 5.2%. Total 8 deaths were cardiac related, 10 due to extracardial reasons, and 2 patients developed a cerebral death.Conclusions Simultaneous CEA and cardiac surgery can be performed with a low risk for neurological complications and acceptable mortality. Occlusion of contralateral carotid artery could be identified as an evident predictor for increased neurological complications.
Brigitte Gansera; Fabian Schmidtler; Josef Weingartner; Theodor Kiask; Felix Gundling; Alexander Hapfelmeier; Walter Eichinger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-1902     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903387     Medline TA:  Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Clinic Bogenhausen, Munich, Germany.
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