Document Detail

Simulation of free-field sound sources and its application to studies of cortical mechanisms of sound localization in the cat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8157508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We synthesized a set of signals (clicks) for earphone delivery whose waveforms and amplitude spectra, measured at the eardrum, mimic those of sounds arriving from a free-field source. The complete stimulus set represents 1816 sound-source directions, which together surround the head to form a 'virtual acoustic space' for the cat. Virtual-space stimuli were delivered via calibrated earphones sealed into the external meatus in cats under barbiturate anesthesia. Neurons recorded in AI cortex exhibited sensitivity to the direction of sound in virtual acoustic space. The aggregation of effective sound directions formed a virtual space receptive field (VSRF). At 20 dB above minimal threshold, VSRFs fell into one of several categories based on spatial dimension and location. Most VSRFs were confined to either the contralateral (59%) or ipsilateral (10%) sound hemifield. Seven percent spanned the frontal quadrants and 16% were omnidirectional. Eight percent fit into no clear category and were termed 'complex'. The size, shape, and location of VSRFs remained stable over many hours of recording. The results are in essential agreement with free-field studies. VSRFs were found to be shaped by excitatory and inhibitory interactions of activity arriving from the two ears. Some cortical neurons were found to preserve the spectral information in the free-field sound which was generated by the acoustical properties of the head and pinna, filtered by the cochlea and transmitted by auditory nerve fibers.
J F Brugge; R A Reale; J E Hind; J C Chan; A D Musicant; P W Poon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hearing research     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0378-5955     ISO Abbreviation:  Hear. Res.     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-19     Completed Date:  1994-05-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7900445     Medline TA:  Hear Res     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  67-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neurophysiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706.
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MeSH Terms
Acoustic Stimulation
Auditory Cortex / physiology*
Cochlea / physiology
Sound Localization*
Vestibulocochlear Nerve / physiology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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