Document Detail


Simulated microgravity induces an inflammatory response in the common carotid artery of rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25008451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Post-spaceflight orthostatic intolerance is one of the most important adverse effects after exposure to space microgravity, and there are still no effective countermeasures. It has been considered that arterial remodeling may play an important role in the occurrence of post-spaceflight orthostatic intolerance, but the cellular mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we investigated whether an inflammatory response exists in the common carotid artery of rats exposed to simulated microgravity. For this, Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 4 weeks of hindlimb unweighting to simulate microgravity. The expression levels of the adhesion molecules E-selectin and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and the cytokine monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in the common carotid artery of simulated microgravity rats were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining, quantitative RT-PCR, and Western blot analyses. The recruitment of monocytes in the common carotid artery of rats exposed to simulated microgravity was investigated by en face immunofluorescence staining and monocyte binding assays. Our results provided convincing evidence that there is an inflammatory response in the common carotid artery of rats exposed to simulated microgravity. Our work suggests that the inflammatory response may be a novel cellular mechanism that is responsible for the arterial remodeling that occurs during exposure to microgravity.
Authors:
Huan Liu; Zhong-Chao Wang; Yuan Yue; Jin-Wen Yu; Yue Cai; Yun-Gang Bai; Hai-Jun Zhang; Jun-Xiang Bao; Xin-Ling Ren; Man-Jiang Xie; Jin Ma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1205-7541     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-8     Citation Subset:  -    
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