Document Detail

Simple cryoprotection and cell dissociation techniques for application of the comet assay to fresh and frozen rat tissues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11999389     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet) assay has been widely used for genotoxicity studies in cell cultures, but its use in solid tissues is hindered by problems in isolation of cells and in cryopreservation techniques. Here, we used minced liver tissues from rats to compare a homogenization technique for isolation of nuclei with a collagenase digestion method (300 units/g liver at 37 degrees C for 20 min) for isolation of intact cells for subsequent comet assay We found that collagenase digestion was preferred to the homogenization technique in fresh tissues, but neither method prevented the extensive DNA damage caused by cryopreservation (-85 degrees C for 72 h). To minimize this damage, minced liver (1.0 g) and kidney (0.5 g) tissues were added to 20 ml of pre-cooled 10% glycerol or 10% dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO). We showed that cryoprotection with DMSO (-85 degrees C for 72 h and 3 weeks), and to a slightly lesser extent with glycerol (72 h), followed by collagenase digestion led to satisfactory recovery of liver cells with little or no DNA strand breakage. We then used DMSO as a cryoprotective agent to optimize the amount of collagenase and its incubation time in frozen liver and kidney tissues. We showed that the collagenase digestion at 150units/g liver and 300units/g kidney for 10 min produced highest cell numbers and minimal DNA strand breaks. We also validated these procedures by injection (i.p.) of rats with a known renal carcinogen, ferric nitrilotriacetate (Fe/NTA). We showed that Fe/NTA strongly induced DNA strand breaks in both rat liver and kidney, while no DNA strand breakage occurred in these tissues from the control rats. In addition, no significant differences in strand breaks were found between fresh tissues and tissues treated with DMSO during freezing at - 85 degrees C for 72 h. Thus, the cryoprotection and the cell dissociation techniques developed here are satisfactory for preparing both fresh and frozen tissues for comet assay. These simple techniques are expected to expand greatly the usefulness and efficacy of the assay.
Miao-Lin Hu; Cheng-Hung Chuang; Hok-Man Sio; Shu-Lan Yeh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Free radical research     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1071-5762     ISO Abbreviation:  Free Radic. Res.     Publication Date:  2002 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-09     Completed Date:  2002-10-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423872     Medline TA:  Free Radic Res     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  203-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Science, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Collagenases / metabolism
Comet Assay / methods*
Cryopreservation / methods*
DNA / chemistry,  drug effects,  metabolism
DNA Damage* / drug effects
Dimethyl Sulfoxide / pharmacology
Ferric Compounds / pharmacology
Glycerol / pharmacology
Kidney / drug effects,  metabolism*
Liver / drug effects,  metabolism*
Nitrilotriacetic Acid / analogs & derivatives*,  pharmacology
Oxidative Stress / drug effects
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ferric Compounds; 139-13-9/Nitrilotriacetic Acid; 16448-54-7/ferric nitrilotriacetate; 56-81-5/Glycerol; 67-68-5/Dimethyl Sulfoxide; 9007-49-2/DNA; EC 3.4.24.-/Collagenases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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