Document Detail


Similarity of prior trauma exposure as a determinant of chronic stress responding to an airline disaster.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10780129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cumulative effects of trauma were examined in 108 workers at the site of a major air disaster at 4 time points over a year following the crash. The influence of trauma history on chronic distress and physiological arousal associated with the crash were examined. Stress levels were expected to differ on the basis of the similarity of prior trauma exposure to work at the crash site. Prior traumatic exposure that was "dissimilar" to this type of work was associated with greater vulnerability to crash-related stress, that is, more distress and crash-related intrusions during the year following the crash. Accumulation of a variety of different traumatic experiences appeared to sensitize workers to the new stressor and to perpetuate chronic stress. Understanding the role of trauma history is important for improving intervention efforts aimed at alleviating stress following a trauma.
Authors:
A L Dougall; H B Herberman; D L Delahanty; S S Inslicht; A Baum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of consulting and clinical psychology     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0022-006X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  2000 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-05-18     Completed Date:  2000-05-18     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0136553     Medline TA:  J Consult Clin Psychol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  290-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Behavioral Medicine and Oncology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Aviation / psychology*
Adaptation, Psychological
Adult
Aged
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Life Change Events*
Male
Middle Aged
Relief Work*
Risk Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*,  psychology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH 54697-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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