Document Detail


Similarity, identification, and categorization: comment on Ashby and Lee (1991)
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1534835     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ashby and Lee (1991) tested various models derived from the general recognition theory (GRT; Ashby & Perrin, 1988; Ashby & Townsend, 1986) on their ability to predict and interrelate similarity, categorization, and identification performance. This commentary (a) argues that contrary to Ashby and Lee's suggestion, the likelihood-based GRT cannot generally predict categorization from identification without incorporating selective attention, (b) argues that the categorization rule in the likelihood-based GRT is extremely close in spirit to Nosofsky's (1986) exemplar-based similarity model, (c) reports new model-based analyses that call into question Ashby and Lee's interpretation of their identification-confusion data, (d) raises questions about the identification and similarity models tested by Ashby and Lee, and (e) criticizes Ashby and Lee's methods of fitting and evaluating the various models.
Authors:
R M Nosofsky; J E Smith
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comment; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. General     Volume:  121     ISSN:  0096-3445     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Gen     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-15     Completed Date:  1992-07-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7502587     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Gen     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  237-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Indiana University, Bloomington 47405.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention*
Decision Making
Discrimination Learning*
Humans
Mental Recall*
Models, Psychological*
Models, Statistical
Pattern Recognition, Visual
Problem Solving
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 MH48494-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections
Comment On:
J Exp Psychol Gen. 1991 Jun;120(2):150-72   [PMID:  1830609 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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