Document Detail


Similarities and differences in mothers' and observers' ratings of infant security on the Attachment Q-Sort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17624438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the similarities and differences in maternal and observer Attachment Behavior Q-Sort ratings (AQS; Waters, 1995) and their relations to dimensions of the developmental ecology - maternal sensitivity, infant irritability, parental stress and psychosocial risk. Data was gathered from low risk (adult mothers; N=44) and high risk mother-infant dyads (adolescent mothers; N=83) when infants were aged 6, 10 and 15 months old, attachment being assessed at 15 months by both mothers and independent observers. A common factor was extracted from both sorts and served to operationalize the similarities between mother and observer ratings. Regressions were conducted to extract maternal and observer AQS scores that were unrelated to each other to represent the difference between the two sorts. Correlation analyses indicated that the common AQS factor was moderately linked to maternal sensitivity and parental stress, and showed a weak association to psychosocial risk and infant irritability. Residual maternal scores showed greater correlations with infant irritability and parental stress than did observer residual scores. Observer scores showed a greater correlation with psychosocial risk than maternal scores. Results suggest that common AQS variance presents a pattern of associations with ecological variables that is coherent with attachment research. Variance related to irritability, stress and risk appear to drive the differences between maternal and observer observations.
Authors:
George M Tarabulsy; Marc A Provost; Simon Larose; Ellen Moss; Jean-Pascal Lemelin; Greg Moran; Lindsey Forbes; David R Pederson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-07-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infant behavior & development     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1934-8800     ISO Abbreviation:  Infant Behav Dev     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-01-07     Completed Date:  2008-02-21     Revised Date:  2008-03-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806016     Medline TA:  Infant Behav Dev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  10-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Groupe de recherche sur l'inadaptation psychosociale chez l'enfant, Ecole de psychologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada. George.Tarabulsy@psy.ulaval.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Child Psychology*
Female
Humans
Infant
Male
Mother-Child Relations*
Mothers* / education,  psychology
Object Attachment*
Observer Variation
Personality Assessment
Psychometrics
Q-Sort*
Statistics as Topic
Temperament

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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