Document Detail

Similar taxonomic richness but different communities of ectomycorrhizas in native forests and non-native plantation forests.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21947779     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
This investigation sought to examine if there was a difference between the ectomycorrhizal (ECM) communities in plots of native oak and introduced Scots pine and Sitka spruce forest. The ECM communities in four plots of each forest type were described, from five soil cores collected in each plot, by morphotyping, internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-restriction fragment length polymorphism matching of mycorrhizas and sporocarps and ITS sequencing. Fifty-one distinct taxa were distinguished; 25 were identified to species level, 11 to genus and 15 remained unidentified. Seventy-one ECM species were recorded as sporocarps from the forest plots; most (43 species) were found in the Sitka spruce plots. The below-ground ECM communities of the different forest types did not differ significantly with respect to species richness of taxa on roots, but differed in species composition. Multivariate analysis produced a clear separation of the communities of the different forest types using below-ground data, but the above-ground sporocarp data did not separate the forest types. Moreover, results of a Mantel test found no relationship between the above- and below-ground similarity matrices. The oak plots had the most distinctive ECM community, with Laccaria amethystina and Elaphomyces granulatus being frequent. The Sitka spruce plots showed the lowest intra-forest type similarity and were often dominated by "nursery type" ectomycorrhizas. There was only 10% similarity between the above- and below-ground ECM species in these plots, different colonisation methods of ectomycorrhizal taxa and insufficient below-ground sampling being possible reasons for this disparity. Our results indicate that plantations of non-native Sitka spruce can support similar levels of ECM diversity as native forests.
Richard O'Hanlon; Thomas J Harrington
Related Documents :
25282499 - Wide-scale pollen banking of ornamental plants through cryopreservation.
11104259 - Influence of high-oryzanol rice bran oil on the oxidative stability of whole milk powder.
25190539 - Risk assessment of particle dispersion and trace element contamination from mine-waste ...
19921199 - Efficient transformation of kalanchoe blossfeldiana and production of male-sterile plan...
25312149 - Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in the management of diabetes mellitus in...
21947779 - Similar taxonomic richness but different communities of ectomycorrhizas in native fores...
18943969 - Canopy size and induced resistance in stylosanthes scabra determine anthracnose severit...
24756669 - Evaluation of spatial distribution and accumulation of novel brominated flame retardant...
20153019 - Degradation models and ecotoxicity in marine waters of two antifouling compounds: sodiu...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Mycorrhiza     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1890     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100955036     Medline TA:  Mycorrhiza     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Life Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland,
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Associations of pregnancy characteristics with maternal and cord steroid hormones, angiogenic factor...
Next Document:  Interest in, Concerns About, and Preferences for Potential Video-Group Delivery of an Effective Beha...