Document Detail


Significant Reduction of Atrial Defibrillation Threshold and Inducibility by Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22978799     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of atrial fibrillation (AF) has antiarrhythmic effects by multiple mechanisms. We hypothesized that RFCA curtails atrial defibrillation threshold (A-DFT) and postablation induction pacing cycle length (iPCL), making critical mass reduction one potential mechanism by which antiarrhythmic effect is achieved. Methods: We included 289 patients with AF (male 77.9%, 55.7 ± 10.8 years old; 197 paroxysmal AF: 92 persistent AF) who underwent RFCA. A-DFT (serial internal cardioversion 2, 3, 5, 7, and 10 J) and iPCL (serial 10 mA 10-second atrial pacing with pacing cycle length 250, 200, 190, 180, 170, 160, and 150 ms) were evaluated before and after RFCA. Results: (1) RFCA of AF reduced the A-DFT from 6.7 ± 3.7 J to 3.0 ± 3.0 J (P < 0.001). (2) AF ablation reduced AF inducibility from 95.4% before the procedure to 56.3% after the procedure (P < 0.001), and the iPCL from 194.8 ± 32.6 to 160.9 ± 26.2 ms (P < 0.001). (3) In patients who underwent a greater number of ablation lines, the post-RFCA A-DFT (P < 0.001) was lower, and %ΔA-DFT (P = 0.003) and proportion of atrial tachycardia (P = 0.022) were higher than those with a lower number of ablation lines. Conclusion: AF ablation significantly reduced A-DFT, AF inducibility, and iPCL, and the degree of their reduction was related to the number of ablation lines. (PACE 2012;00:1-8).
Authors:
Eui-Seock Hwang; Gi Byung Nam; Boyoung Joung; Junbeom Park; Jihei Sara Lee; Jaemin Shim; Jae-Sun Uhm; Moon Hyoung Lee; Hui-Nam Pak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2012, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Republic of Korea Division of Cardiology, Asan Medical Center, Ulsan University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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