Document Detail


Significance and prevalence of inducible atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients undergoing electrophysiologic study for presyncope or syncope.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8776279     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of the study was to report the prevalence of inducible supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (SVTA) in 827 consecutive patients aged 17 to 90 years who did not have spontaneous documented SVTA and who had unexplained presyncope and/or syncope. The electrophysiologic study (EPS) included programmed atrial and ventricular stimulation up to two extrastimuli at three cycle lengths, and the study of sino-atrial and AV conduction. The results were as follows. EPS was normal in 386 patients. Inducible junctional tachycardia or atrial flutter and fibrillation was the only finding in 187 patients (23%). In the remaining patients we found ventricular tachycardia in 103 (12%), heart block in 67 (8%), sick sinus syndrome in 56 (7%) and increased vagal tone in 28 (3%). The presence of an underlying heart disease (47%) and salvos of atrial premature beats on Holter monitoring (39%) were significantly correlated with the induction of SVTA. However, the comparison with similar groups without syncope indicates that only the induction of SVTA in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral valve prolapse was significantly correlated with the history of syncope. In patients without heart disease or with prior myocardial infarction or decreased left ventricular function, the induction of SVTA, which is not associated with hypotension in the supine position, could require an induction after head-up tilting, because of the lack of specificity of programmed stimulation in these patients. Programmed atrial stimulation should be systematically performed in patients with unexplained syncope, in particular in those with hypertropic cardiomyopathy and mitral valve prolapse, who require a specific treatment, if a SVTA is induced. In other patients the results of programmed atrial stimulation should be interpreted cautiously.
Authors:
B Brembilla-Perrot; D Beurrier; A T de la Chaise; C Suty-Selton; L Jacquemin; B Thiel; P Louis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0167-5273     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1996 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-12-03     Completed Date:  1996-12-03     Revised Date:  2006-07-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  61-9     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Electric Stimulation
Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
Female
Heart Atria
Heart Diseases / physiopathology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Syncope / etiology,  physiopathology*
Tachycardia, Supraventricular / physiopathology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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