Document Detail

Significance of lead aVR in acute coronary syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25068023     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is a crucial tool in the diagnosis and risk stratification of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Unlike other 11 leads, lead aVR has been long neglected until recent years. However, recent investigations have shown that an analysis of ST-segment shift in lead aVR provides useful information on the coronary angiographic anatomy and risk stratification in ACS. ST-segment elevation in lead aVR can be caused by (1) transmural ischemia in the basal part of the interventricular septum caused by impaired coronary blood flow of the first major branch originating from the left anterior descending coronary artery; (2) transmural ischemia in the right ventricular outflow tract caused by impaired coronary blood flow of the large conal branch originating from the right coronary artery; and (3) reciprocal changes opposite to ischemic or non-ischemic ST-segment depression in the lateral limb and precordial leads. On the other hand, ST-segment depression in lead aVR can be caused by transmural ischemia in the inferolateral and apical regions. It has been recently shown that an analysis of T wave in lead aVR also provides useful prognostic information in the general population and patients with prior myocardial infarction. Cardiologists should pay more attention to the tracing of lead aVR when interpreting the 12-lead ECG in clinical practice.
Akira Tamura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  World journal of cardiology     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1949-8462     ISO Abbreviation:  World J Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-07-28     Completed Date:  2014-07-28     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101537090     Medline TA:  World J Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  630-7     Citation Subset:  -    
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