Document Detail

The Significance of Sex.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23063598     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Sexual and asexual modes of proliferation are associated with advantages and disadvantages, yet a profound percept that would account for both ways of reproduction is missing. On the basis of the 2(nd) law of thermodynamics we find that both sexual and asexual reproduction can be regarded as a means to consume free energy in least time. Parthenogenesis is a fast way to consume a rich repository of free energy, e.g., an ample stock of food with a large number of individuals, whereas sexual reproduction is a fast way to consume diverse and dispersed resources with a large variety of individuals. Most organisms have adapted to their surroundings accordingly and some organisms switch from one mode of reproduction to the other depending on the amount and dispersion of free-energy sources. We conclude that the least-time free energy consumption in respective surroundings, as the general criterion of natural selection, determines also sexual and asexual modes of reproduction.
Arto Annila; Erkki Annila
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bio Systems     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8324     ISO Abbreviation:  BioSystems     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0430773     Medline TA:  Biosystems     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Institute of Biotechnology, Viikinkaari 1, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland; Department of Physics, Gustaf Hällströmin katu 2, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland; Department of Biosciences, Viikinkaari 1, FI-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:
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