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Significance of Coronary Vasospasm in the Perioperative Management of Non-Cardiac Surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22664755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: The number of patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery has been increasing. Thus, the reduction of cardiac events is important during the perioperative period. The prevalence of Japanese patients with coronary vasospasm is higher as compared with Western countries. The present study reported the role of coronary vasospasm in the perioperative period in a Japanese university hospital. Methods and Results: A total of 77,745 consecutive patients who underwent non-cardiac surgery in Kumamoto University Hospital between April 2003 and March 2010 were retrospectively examined. Forty-two cases in which patients underwent coronary catheterization due to cardiovascular events in the perioperative period were reviewed, and data were collected on the type of surgery, urgency of surgery, cardiac risk factors, previous history and the cardiology consultation. The Revised Cardiac Risk Index (RCRI) was also calculated. A total of 18 patients were diagnosed as having definite vasospastic angina. In the definite vasospastic angina group, 9 patients had cardiovascular events intraoperatively. Six patients were in the group undergoing high-risk surgery. The RCRI score in the definite vasospastic angina group was 0.5±0.6 (mean±SEM), and only 2 patients had a preoperative consultation with a cardiologist. Conclusions: Coronary vasospasm is not often encountered, but it can be a cause of cardiac trouble in the perioperative period. It should be taken into consideration at the time of planning of operation in Japanese patients even if they apparently have low cardiac risk.v.
Yasuhiro Nagayoshi; Hiroaki Kawano; Sunao Kojima; Hirofumi Soejima; Koichi Kaikita; Masafumi Nakayama; Hitoshi Sumida; Seigo Sugiyama; Hisao Ogawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation journal : official journal of the Japanese Circulation Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1347-4820     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101137683     Medline TA:  Circ J     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Health Insurance Central Hospital Aso.
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