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Signalling routes and developmental regulation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors in rat auditory midbrain neurons.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22714707     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are linked to intracellular Ca(2+) signalling and play important roles related to synaptic plasticity and development. In neurons from the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CIC), the activation of these receptors evokes large [Ca(2+) ](i) responses. By using optical imaging of the fluorescent Ca(2+) -sensitive dye Fura-2, we have explored which [Ca(2+) ](i) routes are triggered by group I mGluR activation in young CIC neurons and whether mGluR-induced [Ca(2+) ](i) responses are regulated during postnatal development. In addition, real-time quantitative RT-PCR was used to study the developmental expression of both group I mGluR subtypes, mGluR1 and mGluR5. Application of DHPG, a specific agonist of group I mGluRs, was used on CIC slices from young rats to elicit [Ca(2+) ](i) responses. A majority of responses consisted of an initial thapsigargin-sensitive Ca(2+) peak, related to store depletion, followed by a plateau phase, sensitive to the store-operated Ca(2+) entry blocker 2-APB. During postnatal development, from P6 to P17, DHPG-induced [Ca(2+) ](i) responses changed. The largest Ca(2+) responses were reached at P6, whereas lower peak and plateau responses were found after hearing onset, at P13-P14 and P17. qRT-PCR analysis also revealed important differences in the expression of both mGluR1 and mGluR5 subtypes during development, with the highest levels of both subtypes at P7 and a developmental decrease of both transcripts. Our results suggest both intra- and extracellular routes for [Ca(2+) ](i) increases linked to group I mGluRs in CIC neurons and a regulation of group I mGluR activity and expression during auditory development. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Juan R Martinez-Galan; Francisco C Perez-Martinez; Jose M Juiz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuroscience research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-4547     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600111     Medline TA:  J Neurosci Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Instituto de Investigación en Discapacidades Neurológicas/Medical School, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete, Spain.
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