Document Detail


Signalling properties of identified deep cerebellar nuclear neurons related to eye and head movements in the alert cat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7965834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
1. The spike activity of deep cerebellar nuclear neurons was recorded in the alert cat during spontaneous and during vestibularly and visually induced eye movements. 2. Neurons were classified according to their location in the nuclei, their antidromic activation from projection sites, their sensitivity to eye position and velocity during spontaneous eye movements, and their responses to vestibular and optokinetic stimuli. 3. Type I EPV (eye position and velocity) neurons were located mainly in the posterior part of the fastigial nucleus and activated antidromically almost exclusively from the medial longitudinal fasciculus close to the oculomotor complex. These neurons, reported here for the first time, increased their firing rate during saccades and eye fixations towards the contralateral hemifield. Their position sensitivity to eye fixations in the horizontal plane was 5.3 +/- 2.6 spikes s-1 deg-1 (mean +/- S.D.). Eye velocity sensitivity during horizontal saccades was 0.71 +/- 0.52 spikes s-1 deg-1 s-1. Variability of their firing rate during a given eye fixation was higher than that shown by abducens motoneurons. 4. Type I EPV neurons increased their firing rate during ipsilateral head rotations at 0.5 Hz with a mean phase lead over eye position of 95.3 +/- 9.5 deg. They were also activated by contralateral optokinetic stimulation at 30 deg s-1. Their sensitivity to eye position and velocity in the horizontal plane during vestibular and optokinetic stimuli yielded values similar to those obtained for spontaneous eye movements. 5. Type II neurons were located in both fastigial and dentate nuclei and were activated antidromically from the restiform body, the medial longitudinal fasciculus close to the oculomotor complex, the red nucleus and the pontine nuclei. Type II neurons were not related to spontaneous eye movements. These neurons increased their firing rate in response to contralateral head rotation and during ipsilateral optokinetic stimulation, and decreased it with the oppositely directed movements. 6. Saccade-related neurons were located mostly in the fastigial and dentate nuclei. Fastigial neurons were activated antidromically from the medial longitudinal fasciculus, while dentate neurons were activated from the red nucleus. These neurons fired a burst of spikes whose duration was significantly related to saccade duration. Dentate neurons responded during the omni-directional saccades, while some fastigial neurons fired more actively during contralateral saccades. 7. These three types of neuron represent the output channel for oculomotor signals of the posterior vermis and paravermis. It is proposed that type I EPV neurons correspond to a group of premotor neurons directly involved in oculomotor control.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Authors:
A Gruart; J M Delgado-García
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of physiology     Volume:  478 ( Pt 1)     ISSN:  0022-3751     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. (Lond.)     Publication Date:  1994 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-12-08     Completed Date:  1994-12-08     Revised Date:  2010-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0266262     Medline TA:  J Physiol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-54     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Fisiología y Biología Animal, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Animals
Brain Mapping*
Cats
Cerebellar Nuclei / physiology*
Eye Movements / physiology*
Functional Laterality
Head
Motor Activity*
Movement / physiology
Neural Conduction
Neurons / physiology*
Nystagmus, Optokinetic / physiology
Photic Stimulation
Saccades / physiology
Comments/Corrections

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