Document Detail


Sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia) seed processing and potential utilization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15941316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia) is a leguminous plant that infests soybean fields in the southeastern United States. Its seeds contain a variety of toxic, highly colored compounds, mainly anthraquinones together with a small amount of fat. These compounds contaminate and lower the quality of soybean oil when inadequately cleaned soybean seed from this area is processed. The sorting of sicklepod seed from a soybean harvest is an additional economic burden on the farmer beyond the cost of proper disposal of the weed seed to avoid worsening field infestation. Fortunately, sicklepod seed also contains substantial amounts of carbohydrates and proteins. These edible components when freed from anthraquinones have a market in pet food as well as potential in human foods because of the high galactomannan ratio of the polysaccharides. Sicklepod seed was dehulled, and the ground endosperm was defatted, followed by sequential solvent extraction of the defatted seed meal to isolate the anthraquinones, carbohydrates, and protein components into their respective classes. Each class of isolate was spectroscopically identified.
Authors:
Rogers E Harry-O'kuru; Y Victor Wu; Roque Evangelista; Steven F Vaughn; Warren Rayford; Richard F Wilson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-08     Completed Date:  2005-08-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4784-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
New Crops and Processing Technology Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, Illinois 61604, USA. harryore@ncaur.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Dietary Carbohydrates / analysis
Dietary Proteins / analysis
Food Handling / methods*
Mannans / analysis
Polysaccharides / analysis
Seeds / chemistry*
Senna Plant / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Mannans; 0/Polysaccharides; 11078-30-1/galactomannan

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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