Document Detail

Sickle cell trait in sports.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21068567     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Sickle cell trait (SCT) can pose a grave risk for some athletes. In the past decade in NCAA Division I football, no deaths have occurred from the play or practice of the game, but 16 deaths have occurred from conditioning for the game, and 10 (63%) of these deaths are tied to SCT, an excess of up to 21-fold. Research shows how and why, during intense exercise bouts, sickle cells can accumulate and "logjam" blood vessels, causing explosive rhabdomyolysis that can kill. Sickling can begin in 2 to 5 min of all-out exertion and can reach grave levels soon thereafter if the athlete struggles on or is urged on by coaches despite warning signs. Sickling collapse is an intensity syndrome that differs from other common causes of collapse. Tailored precautions can prevent sickling collapse and enable athletes with SCT to thrive. Irrationally intense conditioning for a game puts the lives of healthy athletes with SCT at risk.
E Randy Eichner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current sports medicine reports     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1537-8918     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134380     Medline TA:  Curr Sports Med Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  347-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.
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