Document Detail


Sickle-cell disease and the heart: review of the current literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22530942     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited chronic haemolytic anaemia whose clinical manifestations arise from the tendency of the haemoglobin to polymerize and deform red blood cells into the characteristic sickle shape due to a single nucleotide change in the β-globin. Vascular occlusion of small and large vessels can lead to chronic damage of multiple organs including brain, lung, bone, kidney, liver, spleen, and retina. However, the extent to which SCD impacts myocardial function is not very clear. Cardiovascular manifestations include both right and left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction, elevated cardiac output, cardiomegaly and myocardial ischaemia. Progressive heart damage from iron overload occurs in patients requiring routine transfusion therapy. Pulmonary hypertension resulting from intravascular haemolysis has also been recognized as a major complication that independently correlates with survival. This review summarizes all available data for the heart complications in SCD to update the physicians for their appearance, diagnostic procedures and possible management.
Authors:
Ersi Voskaridou; Dimitrios Christoulas; Evangelos Terpos
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  British journal of haematology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2141     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372544     Medline TA:  Br J Haematol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Affiliation:
Thalassaemia Centre, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
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