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Shrinking lung syndrome masked by pleuropericarditis: a case report and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22923179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The purpose of this article is to present an unusual case of shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) masked by pleuropericarditis with a review of the literature. We report a case of SLS in a 44-year-old woman in which the diagnosis was initially confounded by concurrent pleuropericarditis. The English medical literature was comprehensively reviewed for SLS for its presentation, clinical findings, diagnosis, treatment, with specific focus on its pathogenesis. SLS is a rare respiratory complication associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The main manifestation of the disease is unexplained dyspnea, chest pain, and orthopnea. Lung volume reduction without parenchymal abnormalities along with restrictive ventilatory defect on pulmonary function test (PFT) is the hallmarks of this condition. Pathogenesis, treatment, and prognosis of SLS are not well described due to the small number of reported cases. The diagnosis of SLS in our patient was made based on imaging, PFT, and the exclusion of other respiratory diseases associated with SLE. Treatment with corticosteroid and intravenous cyclophosphamide was initiated due to simultaneously diagnosed renal involvement. Our case demonstrates the salient features of SLS. It emphasizes that although SLS is a rare disease limited to small subset of patients with SLE, it should be considered in patients with SLE with unexplained dyspnea. Moreover, symptoms of pleuropericarditis can mask and delay the diagnosis of SLS. Prompt diagnosis and treatment can lead to a decrease in morbidity and stabilization of pulmonary function test abnormalities.
Iman Hemmati; Kenneth Blocka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
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