Document Detail

Shoulder-strengthening exercise with an orthosis for multidirectional shoulder instability: quantitative evaluation of rotational shoulder strength before and after the exercise program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12934027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We evaluated the results of shoulder-strengthening exercises with our novel shoulder orthosis to stabilize the scapula in 46 patients with multidirectional shoulder instability. We quantified the changes in muscle strength produced by our rehabilitation program. Our study included 34 female patients and 12 male patients (mean age, 20 years) with 73 affected shoulders. All patients performed the prescribed exercise program for 8 weeks. Their mean total scores on the modified Rowe grading system significantly increased from 51.9 to 74.9 points (P <.001). The mean peak torque of internal and external rotation, measured with an isokinetic dynamometer, significantly increased (P <.05); the mean external/internal peak torque ratios significantly decreased (P <.05) and were normalized upon completion of the rehabilitation program. Because of failure of conservative treatment, 3 patients underwent surgery at a mean follow-up duration of 7 years. We conclude that the prescribed shoulder-strengthening exercise represents a useful treatment option for patients with multidirectional shoulder instability.
Junji Ide; Satoshi Maeda; Makio Yamaga; Keizo Morisawa; Katsumasa Takagi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1058-2746     ISO Abbreviation:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Publication Date:    2003 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-22     Completed Date:  2003-12-23     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206499     Medline TA:  J Shoulder Elbow Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  342-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Exercise Therapy*
Joint Instability / physiopathology*,  rehabilitation*
Middle Aged
Orthotic Devices*
Shoulder Joint / physiopathology*
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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