Document Detail


Should prone positioning be routinely used for lung protection during mechanical ventilation?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20040127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Prone positioning has been known for decades to improve oxygenation in animals with acute lung injury and in most patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The mechanisms of this improvement include a more uniform pleural-pressure gradient, a smaller volume of lung compressed by the heart, and more uniform and better-matched ventilation and perfusion. Prone positioning has an established niche as an intervention to improve gas exchange in patients with severe hypoxemia refractory to standard ventilatory manipulations. Because the lung may be more uniformly recruited and the stress of mechanical ventilation better distributed, prone positioning has also been proposed as a form of lung-protective ventilation. However, several randomized trials have failed to show improvements in clinical outcomes of ARDS patients, other than consistently better oxygenation. Because each of these trials had design problems or early termination, prone positioning remains a rescue therapy for patients with acute lung injury or ARDS.
Authors:
Henry E Fessler; Daniel S Talmor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respiratory care     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0020-1324     ISO Abbreviation:  Respir Care     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-30     Completed Date:  2010-03-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7510357     Medline TA:  Respir Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  88-99     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care, John Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 212187, USA. hfessler@jhmi.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Trials as Topic
Humans
Lung / physiopathology*
Lung Injury / physiopathology,  prevention & control*
Prone Position / physiology*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Respiration, Artificial*
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult / physiopathology*,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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