Document Detail


Should calcium and vitamin D be added to the current enrichment program for cereal-grain products?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15277144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Mean dietary intakes of calcium and vitamin D in the US adult population are far below the adequate intake (AI) values recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, and thus substantial segments of the American population have inadequate intakes and elevated risks of osteoporosis and colon cancer. The current Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21, sets standards for the optional addition of moderate amounts of calcium and vitamin D in the enrichment of cereal-grain products, a provision that is essentially not used. We propose that the addition of calcium and vitamin D to currently enriched cereal-grain products be mandated in the United States: this would result in an increase in mean daily dietary intakes in the United States of approximately 400 mg Ca and > or =50 IU (or possibly >200 IU) vitamin D. The benefits would be a significant reduction in the incidences of osteoporosis and colon cancer over time and overall improvement in health, with little risk and a modest financial cost because of the ability to capitalize on existing technology. We suggest a full scientific review of cereal-grain enrichment with calcium and vitamin D.
Authors:
Harold L Newmark; Robert P Heaney; Paul A Lachance
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  80     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-27     Completed Date:  2004-08-31     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  264-70     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8020, USA. pnewmark@aol.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Cereals*
Child
Colonic Neoplasms / prevention & control
Female
Food, Fortified / standards*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Nutritional Requirements
Osteoporosis / prevention & control
Pellagra / mortality,  prevention & control
United States
Vitamin D / administration & dosage*,  therapeutic use
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary; 1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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