Document Detail

Should barium enema be the next step following an incomplete colonoscopy?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20652709     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Double contrast barium enema (DCBE) is used to screen and diagnose colorectal disease and is often recommended following an incomplete colonoscopy. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of DCBE following an incomplete colonoscopy.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients who had an incomplete colonoscopy at Kaiser Permanente, Los Angeles in a 6-year period. Patient data was extracted from the endoscopy and radiology databases. Variables collected included demographics, indication for colonoscopy, reason for incompletion, findings of DCBE, and findings of repeat colonoscopy if subsequently performed.
RESULTS: The incomplete colonoscopy rate was 1.6%. The mean age was 62 years with a predominance of females. The most common indication for colonoscopy was screening. The most frequent reason attributed to an incomplete colonoscopy was patient discomfort. Two hundred thirty three patients underwent DCBE and 42 patients underwent a repeat colonoscopy without DCBE; 13.3% of the DCBE were of poor quality and could not be interpreted. A repeat colonoscopy following DCBE was performed in 7% of patients. In 50% of these patients, the repeat colonoscopy revealed significant findings not noted on the DCBE or ruled out positive DCBE findings. In patients who had repeat colonoscopy without DCBE, completion rate was 95%.
CONCLUSION: The rate of incomplete colonoscopy in a high-volume modern endoscopy unit is extremely low. DCBE following incomplete colonoscopy has limited value. A repeat colonoscopy under deeper sedation and/or better bowel preparation may be the preferred next step.
Kevin T Kao; Michael Tam; Harpreet Sekhon; Ranjith Wijeratne; Philip I Haigh; Maher A Abbas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of colorectal disease     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1432-1262     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Colorectal Dis     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-29     Completed Date:  2011-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607899     Medline TA:  Int J Colorectal Dis     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1353-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Barium Sulfate / diagnostic use*
Enema / methods*
Middle Aged
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
7727-43-7/Barium Sulfate

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