Document Detail


Should Weaning be the Start of the Reproductive Cycle in Hyper-prolific Sows? A Physiological View.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22827387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Normally, sows are in anoestrus during lactation and start their new cycle at the day of weaning. Modern hybrid primiparous sows that suckle large numbers of piglets may lose substantial amounts of body reserves during lactation. This compromises follicle development during lactation. As modern sows have short weaning-to-oestrus intervals, these compromised follicles are recruited for ovulation directly after weaning, resulting in lower ovulation rates and lower embryo survival. Postponing or skipping first oestrus after weaning in primiparous sows may help to limit the negative consequences of lactation on subsequent reproduction. Multiparous sows may have very high litter sizes, especially after long lactations as applied in organic sows. These high litter sizes compromise piglet birthweight and survival and subsequent performance. Inducing lactation oestrus in multiparous sows may help to limit litter size and improve piglet survival and performance. This study discusses physiological and reproductive effects of extending the start of a new pregnancy after lactation in primiparous sows and induction of lactation oestrus in multiparous sows. We thereby challenge the view that weaning is an ideal start for the reproductive cycle in modern sows.
Authors:
B Kemp; Nm Soede
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene     Volume:  47 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1439-0531     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Domest. Anim.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015668     Medline TA:  Reprod Domest Anim     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  320-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.
Affiliation:
Adaptation Physiology Group, Department of Animal Sciences, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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