Document Detail

Shorter AV delays provide improved echocardiographic hemodynamics during exercise in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19335854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although atrial ventricular (AV) intervals are often optimized at rest in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), there are limited data on the impact of exercise on optimal AV interval. METHODS: In 15 patients with CRT, AV intervals were serially programmed while patients were supine and at rest, and during exercise with heart rates that averaged 20 and 40 beats per minute above their resting rates. Echocardiographic Doppler images were acquired at each programmed AV interval and each rate. Three independent echocardiographic criteria were retrospectively used to determine each patient's optimal AV interval as a function of exercise-induced increased heart rates: the duration of left ventricular filling, stroke volume, and a clinical assessment of left ventricular function. RESULTS: A negative correlation between the optimal AV interval and heart rate was observed across all patients using all three independent criterion: the maximum left ventricular filling time (slope =-0.77, intercept = 151.9, r = 0.55, P < 0.001), maximum stroke volume (slope =-0.93, intercept = 183.3, r = 0.50, P = 0.002), or the subjective clinical assessment (slope =-1.06, intercept = 182.0, r = 0.72, P < 0.001). Consistent trends were observed between all three parameters for 12 out of the 15 patients. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that in patients indicated for CRT, rate-adaptive functions may be useful to shorten AV intervals with increased rate, in order to maximize left ventricular filling, stroke volume, and clinical left ventricular function. Further studies are necessary to determine the clinical impact of these rate-adaptive algorithms.
Richard A Grimm; Jing Ping Sun; Deborah Agler; Ben Fitzgerald; Bruce Wilkoff; Kathryn Hilpisch; George Perlic; Edward Chinchoy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-01     Completed Date:  2009-06-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  457-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / methods*
Exercise Test*
Heart Failure / prevention & control*,  ultrasonography*
Middle Aged
Therapy, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / prevention & control*,  ultrasonography*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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